The Wise Book of Astronomy and Philosophy in London, Wellcome Library, MS 411 (ff. 32r–37v)

Title: The Wise Book of Astronomy and Philosophy in London, Wellcome Library, MS 411 (ff. 32r–37v)
Source document: Brno studies in English. 2019, vol. 45, iss. 1, pp. [43]-56
  • ISSN
    0524-6881 (print)
    1805-0867 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license

Notice: These citations are automatically created and might not follow citation rules properly.

London, Wellcome Library, MS 411 is a one-volume codex from the late fifteenth century which holds a collection of short treatises and tracts in English and Latin on different topics including prognostications, nativities, bloodletting, medical astrology, among others. In this article, the anonymous Wise Book of Astronomy and Philosophy, written in English and held in folios 32r to 37v, is taken into consideration. The objective is threefold: (i) to examine the contents, transmission and sources of the text, (ii) to describe it from a physical standpoint, and (iii) to analyse the text's main dialectal features in order to establish a likely place of composition. Investigation on these aspects can throw some light on the function and transmission of the text, and may also prove significant for a better understanding of it.
[1] Benskin, Michael (1991) The 'fit'-technique explained. In: Riddy, Felicity (ed.) Regionalism in Late Medieval Manuscripts and Texts: Essays Celebrating the Publication of A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 9–26.

[2] Brook, G. L. (1978) English Dialects. London: Andre Deutsch.

[3] Carey, Hilary M. (2010) Astrology in the Middle Ages History Compass 8 (8), 888–902. | DOI 10.1111/j.1478-0542.2010.00703.x

[4] French, Roger (2003) Medicine before Science: The Business of Medicine from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[5] Griffin, Carrie (2006) A Good Reder: The Middle English Wise Book of Philosophy and Astronomy: Instruction, Publics and Manuscripts. Unpublished PhD thesis. University College Cork.

[6] Griffin, Carrie (ed.) (2013) The Middle English Wise Book of Philosophy and Astronomy. A Parallel-Text Edition. Heidelberg: Winter Verlag.

[7] Grothé, Richard (ed.) (1982) Le ms. Wellcome 564: deux traités de chirurgie en moyen-anglais. Unpublished PhD dissertation. University of Montreal.

[8] Keiser, George R. (1998) Works of science and information. In: Hartung, Albert E. (ed.) A Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050–1500, Volume X. New Haven, Connecticut: The Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 3593–3967.

[9] Krochalis, Jeanne and Edward Peters (eds.) (1975) The World of Piers Plowman. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

[10] Lewis, Robert E. and Angus McIntosh (1982) A Descriptive Guide to the Manuscripts of the Prick of Conscience. Medium Ævum Monographs. New Series XII. Oxford: The Society for the Study of Mediæval Languages and Literature.

[11] McIntosh, Angus, Michael L. Samuels and Michael Benskin (1986) A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. 4 vols. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.

[12] Miranda-García, Antonio and Garrido-Garrido, Joaquín (2012) Text Search Engine (TexSEn). Málaga: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Málaga.

[13] Moorat, S. A. J. (1962–1973) Catalogue of Western Manuscripts on Medicine and Science in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library. London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine.

[14] Mossé, Fernand (1952) A Handbook of Middle English. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins Press.

[15] Seymour, M. C. et al. (eds.) (1975–1988) On the Properties of Things: John Trevisa's Translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus "De proprietatibus rerum". 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

[16] Smith, Jeremy J. (2005) Essentials of Early English. London: Routledge.

[17] Southmayd, David E. (1970) The Boke of Astronomye and of Filosophye Edited from Wellcome Historical Medical Museum Ms. 411. Unpublished MA dissertation. Sir George Williams University.

[18] Talbot, Charles H. (1967) Medicine in Medieval England. London: Oldbourne.