Sakrální architektura Klaudia Madlmayra

Title: Sakrální architektura Klaudia Madlmayra
Variant title:
  • The sacral architecture of Klaudius Madlmayr
Source document: Opuscula historiae artium. 2023, vol. 72, iss. 2, pp. 118-139
  • ISSN
    1211-7390 (print)
    2336-4467 (online)
Type: Article
Summary language
License: Not specified license
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The study focuses on the sacral work of architect Klaudius Madlmayr (1881-1963), a graduate of the Vienna Academy under Friedrich Ohmann (1858-1927). Although Madlmayr began his professional career designing residential houses, and particularly state buildings (especially in Olomouc), from the second half of the 1930s he devoted himself almost exclusively to commissions for clients from the Catholic Church. In a simplified neoclassical architectural style he designed new church buildings in Brno-Židenice, Rozvadovice and Želeč, and in more than a dozen other churches he managed reconstruction work and designed a new layout, including a number of altars, mostly with retables. He collaborated with a number of conservative creative artists, among whom Julius Pelikán (1887-1969), Petr Pištělka (1887-1963) and the brothers Heřman Kotrba (1913-1989) and Karel Kotrba (1910-1973) stood out. He collaborated for a long time with the Brno Heritage Office, which consistently recommended his work and even discriminated in favour of it. The turning point came only with the arrival of a new generation of art historians who had reservations about his work. The aim of the study is to present not only Madlmayr's sacral work, but also its perception by contemporaries and clients. It does not attempt to rehabilitate his work, assessed by art history as being rather below average and regressive, but to explain the circumstances under which it was created.