Nejsou čáry jako čáry: inkrementální linie v mikrostruktuře zubů a jejich využití při analýze kosterních nálezů

Title: Nejsou čáry jako čáry: inkrementální linie v mikrostruktuře zubů a jejich využití při analýze kosterních nálezů
Variant title:
  • Different lines of our lives: incremental lines in the microstructure of teeth and their applications in the analysis of human remains
Source document: Studia archaeologica Brunensia. 2016, vol. 21, iss. 2, pp. 113-138
  • ISSN
    1805-918X (print)
    2336-4505 (online)
Type: Article
Summary language
License: Not specified license

Notice: These citations are automatically created and might not follow citation rules properly.

Buňky produkující tvrdé zubní tkáně zanechávají v průběhu vývoje zubů pod vlivem různých metabolických rytmů záznam o jejich aktivitě ve formě růstových markerů, označovaných jako inkrementální linie. Kromě těchto pravidelných časových markerů jsou v mikrostruktuře zubů zaznamenaná a po celou dobu existence zubu přítomná také metabolická a fyziologická narušení způsobená stresovými událostmi. Cílem tohoto příspěvku je rekonstrukce vývojového záznamu ze zubů kosterního nálezu dítěte z ojedinělého hrobu na lokalitě Muráň-Hrad, Slovensko pomocí metody odontochronologie a také načrtnutí možných přínosů využití histologického přístupu a analýz výbrusů zubů v bioarcheologii při studiu minulých populací.
During the period of formation of the teeth, the cells that secrete dental hard tissues under various metabolic rhythms leave a record of their activity in the form of growth markers called incremental lines. Besides these regular time markers, in the microstructure of teeth metabolic and physiological disturbances caused by stressful events are permanently recorded and observable for as long as the tooth exists. The purpose of the present study was to apply odontochronological techniques in retrieval of a developmental record from dental remains of a child's skeleton from a solitary burial found in a site Muráň-Castle, Slovakia and to outline how bioarchaeology can beneficiate by including the histological approach and analysis of tooth sections in the study of past populations.
Příspěvek vznikl díky podpoře specifického výzkumu "Aplikace metod analýzy obrazu a tvaru v rutinním zpracování kosterních nálezů" (MUNI/A/0835/2012) a "Bioarcheologické metody pro komplexní hodnocení raně středověkých populací" (MUNI/A/0983/2013).
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