On the part of ratified participants: ratified listeners in multi-party interactions

Title: On the part of ratified participants: ratified listeners in multi-party interactions
Author: Dynel, Marta
Source document: Brno studies in English. 2014, vol. 40, iss. 1, pp. [27]-44
  • ISSN
    0524-6881 (print)
    1805-0867 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license

Notice: These citations are automatically created and might not follow citation rules properly.

This paper aims to elucidate the categories of listening ratified participants in multi-party interactions in the light of the existing literature on participation frameworks. First of all, a distinction is drawn between an addressed ratified participant, the addressee, and an unaddressed ratified participant, dubbed the third party, whose subtypes are teased out. A crucial modification in the proposed classification of participants concerns an individual, commonly regarded as the bystander/overhearer, who is ratified and attains the status of the third party, thanks to the speaker's intention to communicate meanings to him/her. Several subordinate phenomena are also highlighted, such as the change of roles halfway through a turn, or collective roles. The discussion of participatory phenomena is illustrated with verisimilar examples taken from a popular American series entitled "House".
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